The careful observation of the processes produced inside a large-sized social system (for example, a contemporary state) reveals us numerous objects movements (fluxes) deployed inside it. These extremely varied fluxes may be fluxes of people (towards and from specific locations: home, work place, school, church, supermarket, recreation places etc.), fluxes of goods (food, clothes, household products etc.), fluxes of ISS (newspapers, magazines, books, audio-video cassettes, CD’s, radio-TV shows etc.), raw stocks, fuel, electric power fluxes and many more.
These fluxes occur mostly inside the state’s borders, they are therefore confined (closed) inside this area. But there are also numerous fluxes which take place through the real boundary surface (RBS, which shall be defined in a subsequent section) of the state system, namely, fluxes of people, finished products, raw stocks, fuels etc. This RBS which limits the inner spatial domain of the state system is made-up from the terrestrial, sea and air borders (boundaries) of the state, and these are limits settled as a result of the interactions with the neighboring countries (wars, conventions, treaties etc.), and this RBS is strictly controlled and protected by the government of that state. In fact, if there is no flux which makes the attempt to cross it, this is an abstract area (it does not exist always physically, but its sizes are settled by means of the world conventions on the territory space), but at the moment of an intrusion flux occurrence, the inner defense system (which is as real as it can be) grants it the status of RBS, by means of specific fluxes which are opposed against any unauthorized flux who tries to cross it.
We have (as we are about to see later on) a case of stochastic, non-permanent RBS, which includes an equilibrium surface between two opposite fluxes which interact each other: fluxes which try to enter or exit through RBS and fluxes which are against these processes (the latter are fluxes belonging to the state’s inner defense system). The fluxes access through this surface is strictly monitored and it can be done (in most of the cases) only through specialized areas of this RBS, the so-called transit areas (custom houses). In these areas, the input/output (import/export) fluxes are either accepted or rejected, the conveyed (closed) and reflected fluxes will therefore exist.
The coherent inner fluxes, which are vital for the state system, have, as any other flux, some stocks from which they are originating: raw stocks, fuels, food, people etc. That particular stocks are either natural (deposits found on the territory of that state, agricultural, forestry resources etc.) or artificial, as a result of the storage of some coherent import fluxes, or as a result of the objects synthetization in production systems. The amount of these stocks determines the lifespan of the state system; under the assumption of a total isolation (for instance, a total embargo), that is the absence of the import/export fluxes, the state shall run normally until the depletion of these stocks. The maintenance along an endless duration of the system’s integrity under the conditions of the existence of finished inner stocks is therefore possible only by means of the existence of some import/export fluxes (interchange) with other similar external systems.
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